Sep 26, 2020


Welcome to the ultimate guide on Bartonella infection brought to you by Jenny Demeaux, RNC ND. In this comprehensive resource, we will explore everything you need to know about this condition – from its symptoms and causes to diagnosis, treatment options, and prevention strategies.

What is Bartonella Infection?

Bartonella infection, also known as bartonellosis, is an infectious disease caused by the bacteria of the Bartonella genus. These bacteria are primarily transmitted to human beings through insect bites, such as fleas, ticks, and lice. Bartonella species can infect various body tissues, including the blood, lymph nodes, and internal organs.

Symptoms of Bartonella Infection

Bartonella infection can lead to a wide range of symptoms, which vary from person to person. Some common symptoms include:

  • Unexplained fever
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Headaches
  • Muscle and joint pain
  • Swollen lymph nodes
  • Skin rashes or lesions
  • Neurological symptoms, such as memory problems and cognitive difficulties

If you experience any of these symptoms, it is essential to consult with a healthcare professional for proper diagnosis and treatment.

Diagnosis of Bartonella Infection

Diagnosing Bartonella infection can be challenging as its symptoms are often nonspecific and resemble those of other conditions. A healthcare provider may consider various diagnostic methods, including:

  • Physical examination and medical history
  • Blood tests to detect antibodies or genetic material of Bartonella bacteria
  • PCR tests
  • Tissue sample analysis
  • Specialized tests for specific symptoms or organ involvement

Treatment Options for Bartonella Infection

The treatment of Bartonella infection typically involves a combination of antibiotics tailored to the specific strain and severity of the infection. These antibiotics may include:

  • Doxycycline
  • Azithromycin
  • Rifampin
  • Erythromycin
  • Ciprofloxacin

It is crucial to follow the prescribed treatment regimen and complete the full course of antibiotics to ensure effective eradication of the infection.

Prevention Strategies

While it may not be possible to completely eliminate the risk of Bartonella infection, there are several preventive measures you can take:

  • Avoid direct contact with wild animals
  • Use insect repellents
  • Wear protective clothing, such as long sleeves and pants, when in wooded or grassy areas where ticks may be present
  • Regularly check and remove ticks from your body and pets
  • Keep your pets protected from fleas and ticks
  • Practice good hygiene, including thorough handwashing


In conclusion, Bartonella infection is a serious condition caused by bacteria transmitted through insect bites. Understanding its symptoms, diagnosis procedures, treatment options, and prevention strategies is vital for early detection, effective treatment, and minimizing the risk of complications. If you suspect you may have Bartonella infection, consult with a healthcare professional for a proper evaluation and guidance. Stay informed, be proactive, and take necessary precautions to protect your health.